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Indian Height-Weight Chart According to Age
In India, the Baby Growth Charts for Indian Children are either not followed in the initial stages or the WHO growth chart for boys and girls is often referred to. Indian children are different and so is their growth velocity. The WHO chart does the work for the children in western countries. IAP i.e. Indian Pediatric Academy provides an updated height chart and weight chart for Indian boys and girls. The chart can be referred to considering the Indian lifestyle, nutrition type, parental care and environment.
Below is the useful age-wise weight chart & height chart for boys and girls made from data by WHO and IAP. The chart can help the Indian parents contribute positively to their children’s growth.
Reference: IAP Growth Charts
Below charts are made with sole purpose of making the growth charts easy for new parents in India.
Weight and Height Chart for Girls in India (0-18Years)
Height Weight Chart for Boys in India (0-18Years)
Things to Consider While Checking the Your Baby Weight Chart/Height Chart
• The child growth chart mentioned here ranges from 3rd percentile to 97th percentile
• Hormonal changes after puberty are different in boys’ and girls’ growth and hence the comparison of their growth is not possible
• Around 94 % of boys and girls growing in accordance with the chart are considered growing normally
• More growth percentage doesn’t imply a great health; the science behind the baby’s growth is different
• Genetics and birth weight and height directly influences the growth rate and hence a one-year-old baby is not equal to another baby of the same age with more height and weight
• The major physical and mental growth of a baby takes place in the first five years and hence this time period is very crucial
• Over 75% of boys and girls reach the zenith of their adolescent height at the age of 8-9 years
• Usually, the babies are three times heavier on their first birthday in comparison to when they are born
• The growth of a baby is not uniform throughout his/her childhood
• For the first five years, a regular track of height and weight is necessary for baby boys and girls
• Measure your baby’s height and weight once a month till he is 6-month-old and then once in two months till his first birthday. Keep slashing down the measuring frequency after one year
Why to Refer only IAP Height and Weight Charts for Babies in India?
The weight and height growth of Indian babies is different from the rest of the world due to various factors like genetics, diet, lifestyle, health conditions, physical activities and environment. Most of the Indian parents want their children’s growth and development to keep pace with their neighbor’s kids or the kids of the same age.
Some Facts Related to Growth and Development of Kids in India
• The major growth in the weight and height occurs between 0 to 18 years
• Height and weight are the parameters to calculate positive growth of babies
• Too lean or too short stature doesn’t connote a health condition
• A baby boy’s growth is different from a baby girl
Indian pediatricians recommend the parents to follow the IAP approved height weight chart for boys and girls in India. And, the sudden decrease in the growth rate can signify any health condition or poor lifestyle or nutrition of the baby.
The growth to some extent can be boosted taking care of the nutrition, everyday activities and other factors. It’s not necessary that every child will grow according to the Height and Weight chart for Indian Boys and Girls. The growth rate depends on the weight and height of the child during the time of his birth and several other reasons. However, if the growth is not proportionate after a long span of time, consulting a doctor becomes necessary.
Q&A Related to Height and Weight of Kids in India
In line with the precious study by Dr. Vaman Khadilkar, Governing council member of Pediatric & Adolescent Endocrinology chapter of Indian Academy of Pediatrics, many facts and myths have been decoded related to the children’s growth in India and Growth Hormone treatment in India. Dr. Khadilkar is a consultant pediatric Endocrinologist in Pune and the prime approver of the Growth charts of Indian Academy of Pediatrics (IAP). Below are some common questions that whirl in the mind of every Indian parent with a child suffering from an abnormal growth.
Reference: Dr. Vaman Khadilkar’s Website
Does Parents’ Height Only Decide the Kid’s Height?
Though genetics is an important factor influencing a kid’s height; parents’ height not always decides the kid’s height. In many cases, one or some of the family members have poor physical growth which affects the height of the progeny height.
Alteration in the diet, exercises, treatments and therapies and introduction of growth hormone can improve the growth.
What is a Normal Growth?
The growth and division of the cells in the human body boosts the growth of weight and height normally. Factors like nutrition, environment, physical activities and genetics influence this normal growth.
Can I Diagnose My Child’s Insufficient Height by Myself?
There are many parameters for self-diagnosis of short stature or insufficient physical growth. If your child’s growth is less the 6 cm every year till 4 year-age or less than 5 cm per year for 4-8 years or less than 4 cm every year before hitting the puberty then your child may be suffering from insufficient growth condition and lacking the normal level of growth hormone in the body. Sometimes, the self-diagnosis is not true and an abrupt growth is noticed after a certain age and hence consulting a doctor can be the best option.
What are the Major Elements Affecting My Child’s Height?
Different countries have a different environment, nutrition regime and lifestyles. The physical growth of a child differs in different regions. The major and common factors affecting a child’s growth include –
• Insufficient nutrition
• Precocious puberty
• Long-term diseases related to heart, lungs and kidney
• Maternal infections affecting growth from pregnancy period to adulthood
Are There Any Effective Exercises to Boost My Child’s Growth?
Exercises boost the blood circulation in the body and hence encourage growth. Physical activities always influence the growth hormone but no exercise guarantee a revved-up growth.
Read: Selected Exercises for Children to Help in Height Growth
Also Read: Foods that may Help in Height Growth in Children
What are the Tests and Check-ups Suggested After the Short Stature Diagnosis?
A pediatric endocrinologist always asks for the growth velocity of a child before confirming his growth hormone deficiency or abnormal stature. From 0 to 18 year age, the height of a person changes every year but the growth velocity of the child decides his normal or abnormal growth.
The common tests recommended for short stature diagnosis are –
• Urine ph during fasting
• Urine Protein
• Serum bicarbonate
• Serum Potassium
• Serum Protein
• SGPT Stool Fat
The above-mentioned tests are Biochemical tests and a pediatric endocrinologist may prescribe some of them or few other tests before diagnosing short stature of a child. There are some medical and hormone tests as well prescribed before the diagnosis.
• Chromosome Test
• Hormone blood test
• Growth hormone stimulation test
Apart from these tests, the doctor may ask the medical history of the child, Bone age for bone maturation measurement and the general characteristics related to his physical appearance like arm length, leg, weight, height, head circumference etc. Growth hormone detection and stimulation tests are also needed in many cases.
What are the Uses and Benefits of Growth Hormones?
HGH or Human Growth Hormone is a protein hormone originating from pituitary gland. It is also called Somatotropin. This hormone is responsible for a proportionate physical structure and a balanced metabolism. This hormone is released in the bloodstream to maintain the level of the blood glucose in the body. Normal physical growth is not the boon which everyone can leverage. The external GH is now produced using the nouveau recombinant DNA technology to control the growth in children and adults.
External GH is needed in various conditions like –
• Prader-Willi syndrome
• Turner Syndrome
• Deficiency of Growth Hormone
• Chronic Renal Failure
• Ideopathic Short Stature
• Fetal age poor growth
• Babies with low birth weight and insufficient growth even after 2 years
What if My Baby/Child is underweight?
Other than genetics or some health issues, if your child is underweight you must consult a baby’s doctor. Usually, the foods, diet schedule, physical activities, mental state has effects on child’s weight growth.
Read: Foods to Help Increase Weight in Babies
Does Immunity Have Effect on Growth?
If your child’s immunity is very weak it could be due to lack of nutritional diet, less physical activities or some health condition. To some extent, weak immunity power can affect the growth of a child.
Read: How to Improve Immunity in Children?
What are the Major Developmental Stages of a Baby?
The first stage of baby’s development is between one to three months. During this stage, your baby learns various things and understands about the convenient postures while sleeping or lying on his tummy.
The second stage is between 4 to 6 months. Baby will explore his own voice and learn the functions of his tiny hands and fingers. He will try to sit and hold objects during this phase.
The third stage can be put between 7 to 9 months when he starts crawling and doesn’t need support for sitting. He also responds to many words during this phase.
The fourth stage can be ranged between 10 to 12 months when is he all set to eat all types of solid foods and he just turned into a toddler.
Please note every baby is unique and follows own milestones. So don’t worry if your child is not showing about mentioned developments in given time frames.
How to Know if a Baby is Experiencing Slow Weight Gain?
An abrupt increase or decrease in the weight of a baby is normal. Slow weight gain in babies can be detected by the following signs:
• Babies who are 6-months-old are lesser than 5 kgs – focus on his diet or see a paediatrician
• The development of the exclusively breastfed baby is different from those who often drink formula milk
• In the first development phase (0 to 3 months), if the weight change per day is more or lesser than 30g to 40g then it’s abnormal
• Baby rejecting foods or vomiting frequently
• Specific food allergy
• Drinks juices and other liquid diet but no solid food
There is a big misconception regarding the healthy and unhealthy physique of the children in India. The Indian parents often want to see their children with a chubby body and consider it a healthy physique which is not the reality. Parents don’t consider the Growth Charts for Indian children in the initial stages and let their children grow chubby. The above chart and facts can give the right dimension and direction to an Indian baby’s growth and development.