Guest Post: What You Must Know about Pregnancy after 50
Basically, a woman’s fertility ends with menopause at the age of 42 – 50 years old or older. It is the time when there is no menstrual flow for about a 12 consecutive months. It usually starts with an irregular menstrual cycle and later stop. Men, on the other hand, are fertile throughout their lifespan, but there is some risk, either due to unhealthy lifestyle or genetics, that can decrease their fertility.
Moreover, some study suggested the men during their late 30’s tend to decline the capability or the quality and quantity of their sperm to fertilize an egg. But there are some cases wherein some women got pregnant after 50 or older. Either through naturally conceived or by the use technological advances such as IVF.
Some couples or women who don’t have a child are trying to get pregnant at 50. Statistics shows that there are some rare circumstances that women at the menopausal stage become pregnant at 50 gave birth to a healthy baby. But Can I get pregnant after 50? How to get pregnant and what are possible medical complications that may occur during pregnancy.
Can you get pregnant at 50?
Chances of Getting Pregnant at the Age of 50
Even though there’s a low chance of getting pregnant at 50 or older age, there are still couples hoping to conceive a baby. Luckily, aside from the natural and traditional way of having a baby, there still other artificial methods and advancement that enables them to get pregnant despite the age and fertility status of both methods.
Medical Risk and Complications of Having a Baby at 50
As the mother’s age increases, the risk of pregnancy complications and birth defects also increases. The risk associated with pregnancy after the age of 50 may include a miscarriage, placenta Previa, development of gestational diabetes, childbirth by C-section, hypertension, and preeclampsia and other related risks. As compared to mother’s who gave birth at an age of 20-39, there is a low rate of birth defects, fetal mortality, and premature birth.
How to Get Pregnant Using Modern Technological Advances
There are so many medical technologies in present years that enable or are offering fertility treatments for a possible pregnancy, despite some risks that may occur. One of which is through in vitro fertilization or IVF.
It is a one assisted reproductive technology or (ART). It is the procedure of fertilization that is done in the laboratory by which sperm and an egg are manually combined, then later it is transferred to the uterus of the patient. Some methods of ART include GIFT or gamete intra-fallopian transfer and ZIFT or zygote intrafallopian transfer.
IVF can possibly treat infertility to those individuals who has genetic disorders, a woman whose fallopian tubes were removed, damaged or blocked uterus due to cancer, decreased of the sperm count in males, ovulation disorders, uterine fibroids and other physical capabilities that are the result of aging.
How IVF Procedures Is Done
First, medications are prescribed to stimulate and enhance the egg for further production. Ovaries are examined, and multiple eggs are taken for most of it will not develop and it is inefficient to retrieve again. Hormone levels are also checked through blood test samples.
Then, these eggs are taken via a surgical procedure. It uses an ultrasound imaging which guides the tiny needle through the pelvic floor will remove the needed eggs. Some medications or pain killers may be provided to lessen the discomfort of the patient.
Afterward, the male donor either it’s her husband or anonymous donor is asked to submit a sample of their sperm and is prepared for fertilizing the eggs. It is now the time for insemination. The sperm and the egg samples are combined altogether and stored in a laboratory to undergo fertilization. In a scenario which there’s a lower chance of fertilization, another method is being used.
It includes a single sperm being injected directly into the egg sample in order to be fertilized at a faster time. Then they’ll observe at the laboratory to find out, whether fertilization occurs and the cell divisions are taking into action. If so, they are now considered embryos.
After three to five days of fertilization and retrieval, the embryos are now then ready to be transferred into the woman’s uterus. This done through the use of a small tube inserted into the uterus, which can be a painless procedure but may sometimes experience a mild cramping. Once the procedure is successful, it takes around six to ten days of implantation following to the egg retrieval.
How Effective IVF Is?
The effectivity and successful rate of IVF vary on the factors that may affect the fertilization such as maternal age, causes of infertility, lifestyle factors, and reproductive history. Yet, it pregnancy may be successful but some complications and risks may after the child after birth.
Some Side effects and Risk of IVF
Some side effects of IVF seem to be minimal and can be treated immediately. It includes mild bloating, constipation, breast tenderness, cramping, and having a small amount of clear blood tinged flood right after the procedures. But if someone experiences a heavy vaginal bleeding, blood in the urine, a fever, and pelvic, it is advised to contact you, doctor, as soon as possible.
Some risks associated with IVF often include more severe symptoms such as faintness, severe stomach bloating and pain, shortness of breath, nausea, vomiting, and loss of weight. Moreover, additional risks include a bleeding, damage to the bladder, and infection due to egg retrieval; chances of multiple pregnancies can be increased which may result in additional concerns that are connected to increased chances of a low birth weight of the baby and into premature childbirth.
Additional risks also include the cost of the IVF. IVF can be very expensive and there’s no assurance that it can be successful, and most of the insurance providers don’t give coverage for that kind of fertility treatment, so you’ll have to pay again if you choose to do so.