Basics of Vaccines for Babies

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Decoding the List of Vaccinations for Babies

Vaccinations form an important part of early years of your child and protect against many life threatening diseases. Therefore one of the first things given by a Doctor to the parents of newborn is “Vaccination Schedule for Children”.
So, first let’s see the Vaccination Schedule.

List of Vaccines for Children in India

Sr. No.Age of ChildVaccination to be Given
1At BirthBCG
2OPV 0
31st Dose of Hepatitis B
4Between 4 to 6 Weeks2nd Dose of Hepatitis B
5On Completing 6 Weeks1st Dose of DTP / DTaP
61st Dose of OPV 1 + IPV 1
71st Dose of OPV 1 + IPV 1
81st Dose of Pneumococcal conjugate
9On Completing 10 Weeks2nd Dose of DTP / DTaP
102nd Dose of HIB
112nd Dose of OPV + IPV
121st Dose of Rota Virus Vaccination
132nd Dose of Pneumococcal conjugate
14On Completing 14 Weeks3rd Dose of DTP / DTaP
153rd Dose of HIB
163rd Dose of OPV + IPV
171st Dose of Rota Virus Vaccination
183rd Dose of Pneumococcal conjugate
19On Completing 6 Months3rd Dose of Hepatitis B
20On Completing 9 MonthsMeasles Vaccination
21On Completing 15 MonthsChicken Pox Vaccination
221st Dose of MMR
23Between 15 to 18 Months1st Booster Dose of DTP / DTaP
241st Booster Dose of OPV / IPV
251st Booster Dose HIB
26On Completing 18 Months1st Dose of Hepatitis A
27On Completing 2 Years1st Dose of Typhoid Vaccine
282nd Dose of Hepatitis A
29On Completing 5 Years2nd Dose of Typhoid Vaccine
302nd Dose of MMR
312nd Booster Dose of DTP / DTaP
322nd Booster Dose of HIB
332nd Booster Dose of OPV / IPV
34On Completing 8 Years3rd Dose of Typhoid Vaccine
35On Completing 10 YearsTdap / Td (Tetanus 3rd Booster Dose)
36Between 10 to 15 YearsHPV or Human Papilloma Virus Vaccine
37Between 15 to 16 YearsTdap / Td (Tetanus 4th Booster Dose)

Disclaimer: The above list encompasses most of the vaccines as per recommendations of Indian Academy of Pediatrics and Indian Medical Association. The schedule and vaccines may vary a little as per individual child’s health and therefore it is important to consult your child’s pediatrician.

Many a time it is difficult to decode the abbreviations used in this schedule and understand the name and purpose of each vaccine.
To simplify here are a few details about the above mentioned vaccinations generally given in India and importance of each one in helping your child stay healthy.

Vaccines and Diseases they Immunize Against

BCG: Bacillus Calmette–Guérin (BCG) is given to protect against Tuberculosis, an infectious disease that is caused by mycobacteria and affects lungs.

OPV: This is oral Polio vaccine. Polio is a viral infection that affects infants and cause permanent paralysis. The success of Polio vaccination in India can be determined by the fact that WHO has declared India Polio free in 2014.

Hepatitis-B: This is the 1st of the 3 shots of vaccination given to immunize your child from the Hepatitis B Virus. A highly infectious disease, Hepatitis B affects the functioning of liver, and could even cause liver failure, liver cirrhosis or liver cancer

P.S. The above three vaccinations are given to every child before being discharged from hospital at birth.

DTP / DTaP: This is a 3 in 1 vaccine that will that will build your child’s immunity against Diptheria, Pertussis (commonly known as Whooping Cough) and Tetanus.

Diptheria is a bacterial infection that affects throat and nose sometimes leading to suffocation and can turn fatal for children below 5 years if not treated immediately.
Tetanus too is a bacterial infection that can lead to seizures, muscle spasms and even paralysis. These bacteria are usually found in soil and dust and can enter one’s body through cuts and wounds (This is why tetanus injections are the first things given by doctors after any skin deep injury.)
Pertusis is again a contagious and fatal bacterial infection and is usually found to affect small children. As the name whooping cough suggests, the affected child suffers continuous coughing spells making it hard to breath, eat or drink.
Before the invention of this vaccination, these three diseases have been one the leading cause of child mortality around the world.

IPV: IPV refers to Inactivated Polio Virus and is given as an intramuscular injection to the child. During the regular immunization schedule usually both oral and injectable polio vaccines are given.

Pneumococcal conjugate Vaccine: It protects children against pneumonia, meningitis and septicemia caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria.
Pneumonia causes inflammation of lungs and is accompanied with high fever and chills while meningitis which is commonly referred to as brain fever affects brains as well as spinal cord membranes and can permanently damage brain. Septicemia refers to infection in blood. All of the above if not treated in time can be fatal.
HIB: This vaccination is given for protection against bacteria called Haemophilus influenzae type B. It causes various types of bacterial infection leading to meningitis and pneumonia. It can also cause skin infection and infection in throat causing swelling that causes trouble breathing..

Rota Virus Vaccination: This vaccine protects against Rota Virus that causes severe diarrhea and vomiting amongst infants and children. It can also lead damaging of intestines or gastroenteritis.

Measles Vaccination: It protects against Measles which is an airborne viral infection that results skin rashes all over the body.

Chicken Pox Vaccination: As the name suggests it protects against contagious viral infection causing chicken pox wherein the affected person develops inflammatory boils all over the body.

MMR Vaccination: This is a vaccine for Measles, Mumps and Rubella all of which are airborne viral infections.

Like Measesls Rubella also results in skin rashes and additionally it could lead to arthritis.
In Mumps the person develops muscle pain, temporary deafness in ears and swelling of glands.

Hepatitis A: This vaccine immunizes against Hepatitis A which affects the lever and causes ailments like diarrhoea and jaundice.

Typhoid Vaccine: This is a vaccine against typhoid fever caused by bacteria named Salmonella Typhimurium and results in high fever and abdominal pain.

Tdap / Td: This is a Booster dose for which is given for the 3rd and 4th Tetanus booster doses. The 1st and 2nd Tetanus Booster doses are included in DTaP Booster doses.

HPV or Human Papilloma Virus Vaccine: This vaccine protects against HPV infection which is one of the leading causes of cervical cancer and penile cancer. In India, most doctors recommend this vaccination only for female. In USA and a few other countries this vaccination is recommended for both male and female children.

Some doctors may recommend a few more vaccines that are not mandatory but might be important for an individual child.

In order to make sure you do not miss out on any scheduled vaccine for your child, you can subscribe  to an SMS reminder service provided by IAP and you will get a reminder for every vaccine until your child turns 12. All you have to do is send an SMS to 566778 with your child’s name and date of birth.

 

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About Author

Jalpa Shah

A rather strict yet doting mumma, I'm a freelance PR Professional and Content Developer who loves writing and reading about everything interesting under the sun.

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  1. Pingback: Immunization - Why is it Essential For Kids? | GoMama 24/7

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