Taking a Pregnancy Test At Home
Pregnancy is a wonderful bag of excitement, hope as well as fear stuffed into an adventure of nine months. Whether you are trying to start a family or worried about unplanned pregnancy, a pregnancy test is an exciting thing to do for any married woman. First pregnancy test is surely a memorable moment for any mother.
Taking a pregnancy test at home using the test kits available can be stressful for many women. It ignites many emotions including excitement and fear reliability of the result because of chances of false negative results.
Blood test produces more accurate results than urine test and can detect pregnancy from about 6-8 days after ovulation. However doctor won’t advice you to go for blood test until after your period is due, and even then only if there is an absolute need.
How Soon Can You Take a Pregnancy Test?
It depends on 2 factors, sensitivity of test kit and amount of HcG i.e. the pregnancy hormones in your urine. Some test kits can detect pregnancy as early as 7 days of conception (i.e. which could be 4 days before missing your period)
Pregnancy Test Kits in India
There are different tests available in market now a days in India
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3) Velocit Eazy, to name a few.
What is HCG?
Pregnancy test whether blood or urine measure the amount of Human Chorionic Gonadotrophin [HCG], It is the pregnancy hormone, in your body. Home pregnancy test which are available at any chemist shop, detects the presence of HCG in your urine. Some home pregnancy tests are more sensitive than others. The more sensitive tests may be able to detect low level of HCG as early as four days before your period is due, or seven days after conceiving. [Know about hCG Drops here]
How Reliable is Home Pregnancy Test Kit?
The sensitivity of pregnancy test kit is described on the packaging as Miu/Mi [Milli International Unit Per Millileter]. It is said that pregnancy test range in sensitive from 10Miu/Mi to 40Miu/Mi. Lower the number, more sensitive the test kit and the earlier it can detect the pregnancy
What is The Best Time to Take Pregnancy Test at Home?
Early in morning.
Why? Because, after waking up the first urine is concentrated. It contains more HcG compared to rest of the day. So it is advised to take home pregnancy test in morning
Taking Pregnancy Test at Home
1) Most of home test kits require you put urine on the small absorbent tip. (Best way is to directly pee on it, wipe off extra urine by toilet tissue)
2) You have to hold it steady and horizontal after that and wait for a minute or two.
3) Following image shows how to see the result.
Positive? Negative? Invalid?
Read the instructions on the test kit carefully before you take the test.
Most of the home pregnancy test can give you accurate results, when tests are done on proper time of about 2 weeks after you ovulate.
What if Test Result is Negative?
You should wait for your periods, If you get them then you are sure it is negative. But if you still don’t get your periods then repeat the test after 8 days.
If the tests are done too soon in pregnancy, the amount of HCG in your urine may not be high enough to detect even in a sensitive test. Then there are chances of false negative result i.e. even if you are pregnant the result is shown as not-pregnant.
What if The Test Result is Positive?
You should visit your doctor. There are nearly no chances of false positive result. Doctor will ask you to take a proper lab test.
When is Test Invalid?
If the line is too faint to be positive (It may be due to low HcG level) or you cannot decide then something went wrong in method. Repeat the test.
You can even guess it with the help of some of your physical signs and symptoms.
Some Early Signs of Pregnancy
Many woman get morning sickness and nausea from some particular smells. You suddenly feel sick with a particular smell or taste even if it is your favorite dish.
Feeling a lot of Fatigue or Tiredness
You would feel tired very fast even when you are doing a normal work as you used to perform earlier before a missed period.
Your Breasts are more Swollen and Tender
The size of your breasts would look big and swollen, some would feel more sensitive in that part than earlier and the skin of nipples and areola may start to darken up.
Passing Urine more Frequently
There would be a pass of more urine than normal due to the blood flow increases to the kidneys.
Some women experience some spotting and cramping as the Embryo implants into the wall of uterus.
The hormone changes makes you feel emotional during your monthly cycle and stick around for early pregnancy.
If you experience any of these or all of the above symptoms in your first 7-10 days of post ovulation, it might well be time to take a pregnancy test. If you got negative result on home pregnancy test before periods, you can repeat the same home test after missed period. If you are still not sure about taking the pregnancy test then after having an irregular cycle, it is always a good idea to consult your ObGyn[Obstetrics And Gynaecologist ].