Calcium Deficiency in Kids: Signs, Causes, Problems and the foods/Supplements to Win Over it
Calcium is among most essential elements which are responsible for keeping the bones healthy. Its deficiency affects bones adversely.
It becomes more dangerous and serious if it occurs at the small age. So, it is necessary to detect the signs of Calcium deficiency as quick as possible. It can form rickets in children if not cured at the early stage.
We have covered all the causes, problems, signs of calcium deficiency along with the best supplements which can be used for kids to overcome it completely.
Signs of calcium Deficiency in Children and Pregnant Women
Aches in Muscles and Cramps
If your kid is complaining about the body aches and cramps regularly, do not neglect him or her as it is among the most visible signs of Calcium deficiency. Ignorance may lead to the frequent fractures, bone deformation diseases like rickets and other such problems in the infant.
Tooth Colour and Brittleness
The yellowish or pale teeth say it all. The lack of calcium causes brittle teeth with changed colour. It makes the teeth weak. There are many calcium supplements for kids which can overcome it and make the teeth stronger.
Dry Skin and Brittle Nails
Observe the nails and skin of your children. The white stains on the nails, weak hairs, dry and tight skin are some more signs of calcium deficiency.
If the toddler or young kid is not showing interest in the food you have prepared, it may be indicating the issue. Poor appetite can cause several other problems too.
Inadequate Consumption of Calcium-Rich Eatables
If the child is not taking enough calcium through the diet, it may rouse the signs of calcium deficiency. The children, who do not like milk or other dairy products, are more prone to the problem.
Inherent – Due to Low Calcium Level in Mothers
The to-be mothers should be taking enough calcium as the calcium or vitamin D deficiency in the mother is transmitted. It may lead to severe problems like weak bones or rickets in children by birth.
Insufficient Exposure to Sunlight
Sunlight is rich source of Vitamin D for our body. Vitamin D helps the absorption of calcium in the body. If your kid is not having sufficient exposure to the sunlight, high chances of Vitamin D deficiency which leads to lower Calcium in body. Learn here about Vitamin D deficiency
Parenteral Nutrition or Bottle-Fed Milk
The improper absorption of calcium by the intestine or intravenous causes may induce the deficiency problem as well. The infants who are fed through parenteral nutrition may have this insufficiency.
Tooth decay is the most common problem which kids face due to the lack of calcium. Damaged teeth, tooth pain, change in colour of teeth, and weak teeth are its consequences.
The weakened bones are more prior to the fracture. The kids may get frequent fractures if lacks the calcium in their bodies.
Less Height Growth
Deficiency of calcium will ultimately lead to less development in body height.
Weak Nails and Hairs
Calcium also makes the nails and hairs weak. Brittle nails and damaged hairs are the issues caused due to it.
Sever Issue: Bone Deformation or Rickets in Children
The extreme effect of insufficiency forms rickets in children. Rickets is the disease which weakens, softens and deforms the bones. The Vitamin D and calcium are necessary to prevent it from causing.
Best Calcium Sources
The Child should eat dairy products in their daily diet. Milk is the best source of calcium. Daily consumption of cheese, butter, curd, yogurt and milk reduces and almost ends the chances of any calcium deficiency so these can be considered as the excellent calcium supplements for kids.
Vitamin D for Efficient Absorption of Calcium
It is beneficial to eat Vitamin D rich food items and stay in sunlight for enough time as it helps in absorption of calcium in the child’s body.
Doctors recommend letting kids play in early morning sunlight with minimum clothes on body. Let kids play only in underwear as soon as they wake up in early morning. A sunlight shower while brushing teeth is the best fun time to gain Vitamin-D.
List of Calcium Rich foods
Some such foods are finger millet, leafy green veggies such as spinach, celery, and fenugreek. The calcium rich foods must be part of the daily diet to avoid its shortage.
• Dairy: Milk Is the richest source of Calcium, Cheese, Yogurt, cottage cheese
• Soy milk (Tofu)
• Sardines and Salmon
• Blackstrap Molasses
• Lentils: Chickpeas/Garbanzo beans, Pinto Beans, Black Eyed Peas
• Green Leafy Vegetables, Kale, Parsley, Watercress, Bok Choy
• Broccoli, Okra, Squash, Swede/Rutabaga
• Calcium Rich Fruits: Oranges, Prunes Click here to know more
• Calcium-fortified Orange Juice, Calcium-fortified Cereal
• Dry Fruits: Raisins, Prunes
(Source of information )
Medical Calcium Supplements for Kids
For quick regain of the bone strength, it is advised to intake medical supplements such as soft chewing taffies, multivitamin plus calcium tablets and other such products along with the natural calcium rich food so that the kid can recover quickly.
High Sodium in diet will make calcium loss through sweat and urine. So use very little salt in your kids’ diet. Very high level of proteins may also cause calcium deficiency in children. A healthy balanced diet is hence very important to maintain the perfect levels of each nutrient in body.